Major approaches to clinical psychology

The family systems approach includes the family as a whole in the observation and treatment process without focusing directly on the patient suffering from OCD. The goal of the cognitive-behavior approach, unlike the psychodynamic approach, is to focus more on the present behavior rather than pats behaviors to understand and treat OCD.

The approach has since been challenged, broadened, and adapted. Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: A variety of approaches exist for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD.

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology

The therapist will help the client identify the automatic responses to the disturbing thoughts, and the negativity associated with the thoughts. The humanistic approach emphasizes the natural human ability to evolve and develop and perceives people as "active, thinking, creative, and growth oriented" Plante,p.

Humanism is committed to a paradigm that emphasizes the human ability "to be consciously reflective and have the ability to experience self-determination and freedom" Plante,p.

National Institutes of Health. Several techniques include Rogerian humanistic therapy best known for its gentle engineering of the patients own determination of how they feel about certain topics.

In family systems the therapist guides the family in assessing their needs and defining goals. Unlike Freud's psychoanalytic view, humanism views people as essentially good, rather than dysfunctional and bad by nature. The major theoretical approaches are philosophies about human behavior that provide psychologists with a thematic conceptual understanding of mental health, illness, and disorder.

Emotion components include underlying concerns or experiences that have not been openly addressed. According to Wheltondepth of experience in psychotherapy is positively related to outcome. A variety of approaches exist for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD. Also, the effectiveness of each approach in relation to OCD, which will be based on treatment outcome research.

Each of the psychological approaches to OCD has pros and cons, which should be evaluated by the psychologist before beginning treatment. Isolation of affect is when the individual separates his or her thoughts or feelings to distance him or her from negative emotions. Undoing is when an individual uses behaviors to counteract his or her inappropriate feelings.

The undoing relates to the compulsion side of OCD. Unlike the other three approaches addressed herein, family systems therapy addresses inadequacies in the family unit.

Ultimately, the client will be taught how to challenge his or her typical thought processes. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 58 3Humanistic The humanistic approach to clinical psychology was begun by Carl Rogers in the s as a reaction to psychodynamic theories.

About Depression - Information and Support for Depression. It uses classical and operant conditioning as explanations for many types of behavior.

Cognitive therapists teach strategies and perspectives for responding to the challenges that life has to offer so that individuals can gain a greater sense of self-efficacy i.

four major approaches in Clinical Psychology

These mechanisms function on the unconscious level and distort reality Corey, Anxiety is often the result of maladaptive thought processes and dysfunctional thought patterns. A guide to treatments that work 2nd ed. Guided imagery and movement is also used in the psychodynamic approach.

The integration of various theoretical perspectives in clinical psychology allows the therapist to afford the broadest potential for successful change within the individual.

Joining or developing a rapport with the family allows the therapist to become more familiar with the mechanisms by which the OCD became symptomatic. Family members did not participate directly in the identified member's therapy. Contingency management is changing the behavior by changing the consequence of the behavior.

Retrieved August 12,from http: The goal of the cognitive-behavior approach, unlike the psychodynamic approach, is to focus more on the present behavior rather than pats behaviors to understand and treat OCD.

Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems. This field integrates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems, making it an exciting career choice for people who are looking to work in a challenging and rewarding field.

Different approaches to psychotherapy Psychologists generally draw on one or more theories of psychotherapy. A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions.

Approaches to Clinical Psychology PSY October 25, Approaches to Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses that affect human behavior (Plante, ).

Oct 21,  · Compare and Contrast the Major Approaches of Clinical Psychology – Psychodynamic, Cognitive-Behavioral, Humanistic, and Family Systems in. Compare and contrast the major approaches to clinical psychology psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems in relation to the disorder.

Major approaches to Clinical Psychology There are 4 approaches to the field of clinical psychology; they are in psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems.

What Are the 4 Approaches to Clinical Psychology?

In the field of clinical psychology, applying these four major approaches contributes to the efficiency in treatment by classifying the goals of each approach.

Major approaches to clinical psychology
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